What is the specific gravity reading on your pet’s urine test?

The specific gravity (SG) reading on your urinalysis test is a measurement of the ratio of the urine to the weight of an equal volume of water.  It is a reflection of the ability of the kidneys to concentrate urine.

Your dog and cat’s specific gravity will vary throughout the day.  With exercise and no intake of water, the urine becomes more concentrated.

Normal readings are as follows:

cats:  1.015 to 1.060

dogs: 1.015 to 1.050

Dilute urine is on the left side of the color chart and becomes more concentrated as the values go up.

Consistent low levels of specific gravity can indicate diabetes insipidus, impaired kidney function, adrenal gland abnormalities as well as over consumption of water.

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Understanding pet urine home test: Glucose

Normally, food is converted into a form of sugar called glucose.  Cat and dog urine test results should be negative for glucose.

If the glucose in the blood is significantly higher than normal (for example in diabetes) some of the excess will be found in the urine.  Glucose levels may falsely appear elevated, so it is important to repeat any test results within 48 hours.

Increased levels of glucose may indicate diabetes, but there are several other diseases not related to diabetes that can cause glucose to spill into the urine.

If your test shows a positive result for glucose, you should take your dog or cat to your veterinarian for a glucose blood test.  Early detection is extremely important.

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Your dog or cat’s urinalysis test results

It is important to remember that your pet’s urinalysis test is not conclusive by itself, but can indicate that something is abnormal with your pet. An examination and possibly further testing by your veterinarian is needed to confirm a diagnosis.

Not every illness that can affect our dog’s and cat’s health can be seen on a urinalysis test, so always consult with your veterinarian if your animal is showing signs of illness or a change in behavior.

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